Install on Pivotal Container Service

This guide walks you through the installation of the latest version of Knative using pre-built images.

You can find guides for other platforms here.

Before you begin

Knative requires a Kubernetes cluster v1.11 or newer. kubectl v1.10 is also required. This guide walks you through creating a cluster with the correct specifications for Knative on Pivotal Container Service.

This guide assumes you are using bash in a Mac or Linux environment; some commands will need to be adjusted for use in a Windows environment.

Installing Pivotal Container Service

To install Pivotal Container Service (PKS), follow the documentation at https://docs.pivotal.io/runtimes/pks/1-1/installing-pks.html.

Creating a Kubernetes cluster

NOTE: Knative uses Istio sidecar injection and requires privileged mode for your init containers.

To enable privileged mode and create a cluster:

  1. Enable privileged mode:
    1. Open the Pivotal Container Service tile in PCF Ops Manager.
    2. In the plan configuration that you want to use, enable both of the following:
      • Enable Privileged Containers - Use with caution
      • Disable DenyEscalatingExec
    3. Save your changes.
    4. In the PCF Ops Manager, review and then apply your changes.
  2. Create a cluster.

Access the cluster

To retrieve your cluster credentials, follow the documentation at https://docs.pivotal.io/runtimes/pks/1-1/cluster-credentials.html.

Installing Istio

Knative depends on Istio. If your cloud platform offers a managed Istio installation, we recommend installing Istio that way, unless you need the ability to customize your installation. For example, the GKE Install Guide includes the instructions for installing Istio on your cluster using gcloud.

If you prefer to install Istio manually, if your cloud provider doesn’t offer a managed Istio installation, or if you’re installing Knative locally using Minkube or similar, see the Installing Istio for Knative guide.

You must install Istio on your Kubernetes cluster before continuing with these instructions to install Knative.

Installing Cert-Manager

Follow the instructions to install Cert-Manager if you want to use use Auto TLS feature.

Installing Knative

The following commands install all available Knative components as well as the standard set of observability plugins. To customize your Knative installation, see Performing a Custom Knative Installation.

  1. If you are upgrading from Knative 0.3.x: Update your domain and static IP address to be associated with the LoadBalancer istio-ingressgateway instead of knative-ingressgateway. Then run the following to clean up leftover resources:
   kubectl delete svc knative-ingressgateway -n istio-system
   kubectl delete deploy knative-ingressgateway -n istio-system

If you have the Knative Eventing Sources component installed, you will also need to delete the following resource before upgrading:

   kubectl delete statefulset/controller-manager -n knative-sources

While the deletion of this resource during the upgrade process will not prevent modifications to Eventing Source resources, those changes will not be completed until the upgrade process finishes.

  1. To install Knative, first install the CRDs by running the kubectl apply command once with the -l knative.dev/crd-install=true flag. This prevents race conditions during the install, which cause intermittent errors:
   kubectl apply --selector knative.dev/crd-install=true \
   --filename https://github.com/knative/serving/releases/download/v0.6.0/serving.yaml \
   --filename https://github.com/knative/build/releases/download/v0.6.0/build.yaml \
   --filename https://github.com/knative/eventing/releases/download/v0.6.0/release.yaml \
   --filename https://github.com/knative/eventing-sources/releases/download/v0.6.0/eventing-sources.yaml \
   --filename https://github.com/knative/serving/releases/download/v0.6.0/monitoring.yaml \
   --filename https://raw.githubusercontent.com/knative/serving/v0.6.0/third_party/config/build/clusterrole.yaml
  1. To complete the install of Knative and its dependencies, run the kubectl apply command again, this time without the --selector flag, to complete the install of Knative and its dependencies:
   kubectl apply --filename https://github.com/knative/serving/releases/download/v0.6.0/serving.yaml --selector networking.knative.dev/certificate-provider!=cert-manager \
   --filename https://github.com/knative/build/releases/download/v0.6.0/build.yaml \
   --filename https://github.com/knative/eventing/releases/download/v0.6.0/release.yaml \
   --filename https://github.com/knative/eventing-sources/releases/download/v0.6.0/eventing-sources.yaml \
   --filename https://github.com/knative/serving/releases/download/v0.6.0/monitoring.yaml \
   --filename https://raw.githubusercontent.com/knative/serving/v0.6.0/third_party/config/build/clusterrole.yaml

Notes: - By default, the Knative Serving component installation (serving.yaml) includes a controller for enabling automatic TLS certificate provisioning. If you do intend on immediately enabling auto certificates in Knative, you can remove the --selector networking.knative.dev/certificate-provider!=cert-manager statement to install the controller. Otherwise, you can choose to install the auto certificates feature and controller at a later time.

  • For the v0.4.0 release and newer, the clusterrole.yaml file is required to enable the Build and Serving components to interact with each other.
  1. Monitor the Knative components until all of the components show a STATUS of Running: bash kubectl get pods --namespace knative-serving kubectl get pods --namespace knative-build kubectl get pods --namespace knative-eventing kubectl get pods --namespace knative-sources kubectl get pods --namespace knative-monitoring

What’s next

Now that your cluster has Knative installed, you can see what Knative has to offer.

To deploy your first app with Knative, follow the step-by-step Getting Started with Knative App Deployment guide.

To get started with Knative Eventing, pick one of the Eventing Samples to walk through.

To get started with Knative Build, read the Build README, then choose a sample to walk through.

Cleaning up

To delete the cluster, follow the documentation at https://docs.pivotal.io/runtimes/pks/1-1/delete-cluster.html.